Racial Discrimination FAQ
Racial Discrimination FAQ
If you want to file a racial discrimination case against an employer in New York City, you need a reliable employment law firm with a history of results. But you may have questions about whether the case is even worth pursuing. Take a look at these race discrimination FAQs from the attorneys at Brown Kwon & Lam.
What is race discrimination?
Race discrimination involves treating someone unfavorably because he/she is of a certain race or has personal characteristics associated with a particular race. Other forms of race discrimination occur when someone experiences unfair treatment because they are married to someone of a certain race. Discrimination does not only occur when people are of different races but also when the victim and the perpetrator of the discrimination are of the same race.
What is direct race discrimination?
Direct race discrimination occurs when you are treated unfairly because of your status in:
- A protected group
- Someone believes you are part of a protected group (because of characteristics, etc.)
- A connection to someone who is part of a protected group
What is indirect race discrimination?
Indirect race discrimination occurs when an employment policy or condition is supposed to apply to everyone in the same way, but in practice, disadvantages one particular group of people.
Those who experience disproportionate treatment under the policy or action must be able to show how there is a disconnection between group treatment.
Does race discrimination only apply to wages?
Racial discrimination is illegal in:
- Hiring potential employees
- Firing employees
- Compensating employees
- Promoting employees
- Training opportunities
- Benefits availability
- Employee recruitment
- All forms of employment conditions
Can you discriminate against a coworker of your own race?
Under the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), it is illegal to discriminate against a coworker of your own race.
For example, if there are two African American workers and one has darker skin, the lighter-skinned employee may not harass the other employee just because they are part of the same race group.
Do I have protections against racial discrimination as someone who is bi-racial or multi-racial?
Bi-racial and multi-racial employees and job applicants receive the same protections against race discrimination as those who identify as one racial group
Do white employees have protections from race discrimination?
White employees receive the same protections against race discrimination in the workplace as employees of other races.
Can my employer assign me to work with customers or clients who are of my own race?
Your employer cannot exclusively assign you to work with customers or clients of your own race. They can assign you to clients or customers of your own race on a case-by-case basis. The employer may believe it’s a benefit for you to work in such a manner. For example, a Black employee working with predominantly Black clients to bring in sales is not legal.
What types of damages can I recover if I am fired due to my race?
If you experience racial discrimination and are fired as a result, you may be entitled to compensatory damages for your losses. This may include:
- Front and back pay
- Costs of looking for another job
- Therapy to address the inherent psychological harm and emotional distress damages
In extreme cases where the employer’s actions were egregious, you may be entitled to punitive damages, however, that seldom occurs.
Can my employer ask about my race?
Federal law does not prohibit employers from asking you about your race. However, some of these questions may indicate an intention to discriminate based on race. Because of this, race-based questions should only be asked for a lawful purpose. This may include for affirmative action purposes or to comply with government laws requiring race information to be reported.
Race discrimination can be difficult to prove without evidence, but when you feel your work environment changing for the worse because of it, you need legal action.
Brown Kwon & Lam: Race Discrimination Attorneys
If you are filing a racial discrimination case against an employer in New York City, you need a reliable employment law firm. The attorneys at Brown Kwon & Lam are here to protect your rights in the workplace.
If you have been a victim of racial discrimination, contact Brown Kwon & Lam today.
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